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The Revised Constitution of The Empire of Ethiopia - 1955
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Proclamation ~ Chapter I ~ Chapter II ~ Chapter III ~ Chapter IV ~ Chapter V ~ Chapter VI ~ Chapter VII ~ Chapter VIII
Chapter IV



The Emperor has the right to select, appoint and dismiss the Prime Minister and all other Ministers and give Ministers, each of
whom shall, before entering upon his functions, take before the Emperor, the following oath of fidelity to the Emperor and to the

"In the name of the Almighty, I hereby swear allegiance and fidelity to my Sovereign, His Imperial Majesty
Haile Sellassie I and
that, as member of the Council of Ministers, I will faithfully place above all else the interest and welfare of Ethiopia and of its
Sovereign; that I will, at all times, faithfully respect the Constitution and laws of the Empire, and that I will disclose no secret or
confidential information revealed to me in connection with my official duties and position. So help me God."

The appointment, promotion, transfer, suspension, retirement, dismissal and discipline of all Government officials and employees
shall be governed by regulations made by the Council of Ministers and approved and proclaimed by the Emperor.


Princes eligible for the Crown shall not be appointed Ministers in the Council of Ministers. No one whose parents were not
Ethiopian subjects at the time of his birth shall be appointed a Minister.


Each Minister shall be individually responsible to the Emperor and to the State for the discharge of the duties of his respective
Ministry, including the execution of the laws and decrees concerning that Ministry.


The Ministers shall form collectively the Council of Ministers and shall be responsible to the Emperor for all advice and
recommendations given to Him in Council. The rules of procedure of the Council shall be drawn up by the Ministers in Council and
submitted to the Emperor for approval.


The Emperor may, in such instances as He deems appropriate, convene the Crown Council, which shall consist of the Archbishop,
such Princes, Ministers, and Dignitaries as may be designated by Him, and the President of the Senate. The Crown Council shall be
presided over by the Emperor or by a member designated by Him.


The Ministers shall discuss in Council and, through the Prime Minister, submit to the Emperor all matters of policy therein
discussed. In all cases in which legislation is deemed to be necessary or appropriate, the decisions made in Council and approved
by the Emperor shall be communicated by the Prime Minister to Parliament in the form of proposals for legislation.


The Prime Minister shall present to Parliament proposals of legislation made by the Council of Ministers and approved by the
Emperor. He shall also present to The Emperor the proposals of legislation approved by the Parliament and the decrees proposed
by the Council of Ministers. He shall have the right to attend any meeting of either Chamber of Parliament, or any joint meeting of
the Chambers, or any meeting of any committee of either Chamber, and to speak at such meetings on any question under
discussion. He shall be obliged to attend personally, or by his deputy, either Chamber, when his presence is requested by a
majority vote of the members thereof and to answer, verbally or in writing, questions concerning his office.


The Ministers shall have the right to attend any meeting of either Chamber of Parliament, or any joint meeting of the Chambers, or
any meeting of any committee of either Chamber, and to speak at such meetings on any question concerning conduct of their
Ministries; and they shall be obliged, in person, or by their deputies, to answer, verbally or in writing questions concerning the
legislation to be entered.


No Minister, nor any person in a position with or in the service of the Government may:

(a) for remuneration, compensation or benefit of financial value engage in any activity or accept a position in or with any
enterprise or organization in which there is no governmental participation;

(b) enter into or be party to any contract or other arrangement with any governmental organization in the Empire awarding,
permitting or recognizing any concession or monopolistic or other exclusive privilege in the nature of a concession or monopoly.

(c) However, such Minister or person shall be free to manage and develop his properties so long as their management or
development is not prejudicial to or inconsistent with the performance of his duties.


The Ministers, including the Prime Minister, may be tried only before the Supreme Imperial Court upon charges of offences as
determined by the law, committed in connection with their official functions. Such prosecution may be initiated either by order of
the Emperor or by a majority vote of both Houses of Parliament. A special prosecution shall be appointed to that end, conformable
to the order of the Emperor.
Chapter V
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