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The Revised Constitution of The Empire of Ethiopia - 1955
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Chapter VIII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

ARTICAL 122

The present revised Constitution, together with those international treaties; conventions and obligations to which Ethiopia shall
be party, shall be the supreme law of the Empire, and all future legislation, decrees, orders, judgements, decisions and acts
inconsistent therewith, shall be null and void.

ARTICAL 123

The city of Addis Ababa is the Capital of the Empire.

ARTICAL 124

The Flag of the Empire consists of three horizontal bands, the uppermost green, the middle yellow and the nethermost red, in
such detail as is determined by law.

ARTICAL 125

The official language of the Empire is Amharic.

ARTICAL 126

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church, founded in the fourth century, on the doctrines of Saint Mark, is the Established Church of the
Empire and is, as such, supported by the Senate. The Emperor shall always profess the Ethiopian Orthodox Faith. The name of the
Emperor shall be mentioned in all religious services.

ARTICAL 127

The organization and secular administration of the Established Church shall be governed by law. The Archbishop and Bishops
shall be elected by the Ecclesiastical Electoral College consisting of representatives of the clergy and of the laity of the Ethiopian
Orthodox Church. Their spiritual consecration shall be performed according to the Canon Law, subject to the approval of the
Emperor of their election and appointment. The Emperor has the right to promulgate the decrees, edicts and public regulations of
the Church, except those concerning monastic life and other spiritual administrations.

ARTICAL 128

No one shall utilize religious activities or organizations for commercial purposes except as authorized by law.

ARTICAL 129

Subject to the conditions established by legislation duly adopted in accordance with the provisions of Artical 88, 89 or 90 of the
present Constitution, all towns shall be incorporated by Charters established in accordance with such legislation, and municipal
councils shall be established, respectively, in all municipalities of the Empire.

ARTICAL 130

(a) The natural resources of, and in the sub-soil of the Empire, including those beneath its waters, are State Domain.

(b) The Natural resources in the waters, forests, land, air, lakes, rivers and ports of the Empire are a sacred trust for the benefit of
present and succeeding generations of the Ethiopian People. The conservation of the said resources is essential for the
preservation of the Empire. The Imperial Ethiopian Government shall, accordingly, take all such measures as may be necessary
and proper, in conformity with the Constitution, for the conservation of the said resources.

(c) None of the said resources shall be exploited by any person, natural or juridical, in violation of the principles of conservation
established by Imperial Law.

(d) All property not held and possessed in the name of any person, natural or juridical, including all land in escrow, and all
abandoned properties, whether real or personal, as well as all products of the sub-soil, all forests and all grazing lands,
water-courses, lakes and territorial waters, are State Domain.

ARTICAL 131

The Constitution may be amended by an identical Joint Resolution adopted by three-fourths of the members of each Chamber in
two separate sessions of Parliament and proclaimed with the approval and authority of the Emperor.

Given at Addis Ababa, this fourth day of November, 1955.


HAILE SELLASSIE I
Emperor


TSAHAFE TEZAZ TAFARRA WORQ
Minister of the Pen
Proclamation
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