Chapter I - Part 1
Higher Education
UCI ~ I See You
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Nothing is hidden from God's view!...
Convocation of Haile Selassie I University
Dec. 19, 1961
... Leadership developed here should be guided by the fundamental values and moral power
which have for centuries constituted the essence of our religious teachings.....Discipline of the
mind is a basic ingredient of genuine morality and therefore of spiritual strength.  Indeed, a
university, taken in all aspects, is essentially a spiritual enterprise which, along with the
knowledge and training it imparts, leads students into more wise living and a greater
sensitivity to life's responsibilities....
This is a most historic occasion for Us, and for the entire Ethiopian people.  Today, the first
convocation of this University, affords Us Our first opportunity, as Chancellor, to address the
Governors, the Faculty, and the students as a single group.

We welcome and greet you all o this occasion.  You who have in the past, either as teachers or
students, been united in spirit although members of diverse educational institutions, are now truly
united in this University.  We welcome the members of the Board of Governors, who will direct the
policy of the University.  We welcome the administrators, who will provide the framework within
which teacher and student alike will work.  We welcome you, the professors, the instructors, the
lecturers, to whom has been confided the task of leading our youth to higher levels of knowledge
and learning.  We welcome the students, our own and those from other lands, who will study here
and from among whom will come future leaders.

We may pause briefly now to enquire why this University is being established, what goals it is
seeking to achieve, what results we may expect of it and what contributions it can reasonably be
expected to make.

A fundamental objective of the University must be the safeguarding and the developing of the
culture of the people which it serves.  This University is a product of that culture: it is the grouping
together of those capable of understanding and using the accumulated heritage of the Ethiopian
people.  In this University men and women will, working in association with one another, study the
well-springs of our culture, trace its development, and mould its future.  That which enables Us
today to open a university of such a standard is the wealth of literature and learning now extinct
elsewhere in the world which through hard work and perseverance our forefathers have preserved
for us.  On this occasion We would like to remember with gratitude these fathers of great learning
among whom We quote a few names such as Yared, Abba Giorgis of Gasicha, Absadi of Insaro,
Wolde-Ab Wolde Mikael, Arat Ayina Goshu, Memihir Akala Wold and Aleka Gabra Medihin.

Music, drama and other forms of art are rooted in the ancient history of our Empire, and their
development to an even higher peak of perfection will be possible in the atmosphere of a
university.  Ethiopia is possessed of an ancient Literature, and its study can be fostered here so that
the Ethiopian youth, inspired by this national example, may raise it to yet higher levels of
excellence.  The study of the heroic history of Our Empire will stimulate the imagination of budding
authors and teachers.  The understanding of that philosophy of life which is the basis of ur
traditional customs will lead us all to a better understanding of our nation and of our nation's
expression through the arts.
Spiritual Qualities No Longer Enough
The immediate and practical aim of this institution obviously is to educate the Ethiopian youth and
to prepare them to serve their country.  Although such education may be technical, it must
nonetheless be founded on Ethiopia's cultural heritage if it is to bear fruit and if the student is to be
well adapted to his environment and the effective use of his skills facilitated.

Time was when strength and endurance, courage and faith, were sufficient to make leadership
equal to the task.  But times have changed and  these spiritual qualities are no longer enough.  
Today, knowledge and training, as provided largely in the universities of the world, have become
essential, and today leadership and advancement, both national and international, rely heavily
upon the products of universities.  Even as Mr. Tubman, Mr. U-Nu, Madame Bandaranaika and Mr.
U Thant were each educated in their own land, We trust that this University will produce leaders of
comparable stature.  In all countries of the modern world, special competence is required to deal
with the advancement of agriculture, industry, commerce, and the civil service.  That competence
can be secured only through facilities which are provided in modern universities.  We have often
pointed out that the future of Ethiopia is largely conditioned upon accelerated agricultural
development, upon mineral exploitation and upon industrial expansion.  Her survival depends on
these, but they, in turn, depend upon the competence of those who have received and who will
receive the essential education and training.  It is Our confident hope that this institution, which
has been planned for many years will provide here, in our own land, for our own youth, the higher
education and the specialized training required for such development.

That which man dreams of and to which he aspires, unless fulfilled in his own lifetime, can produce
no actual satisfaction to him.  As for Us, thanks be unto God that in the founding of this University
We have realized a lifelong aspiration.
Fundamental Values and Moral Power
Considering the role of universities in a broader sense, We are persuaded that these institutions
stand today as the most promising hope for constructive solutions to the problems that beset the
modern world -- problems which prevent the peaceful co-operation of nations, problems which
threaten the world and humanity with death and disaster.  From the universities must come men,
ideas, knowledge, experience, technical skills, and the deep humane understanding vital to fruitful
relations among nations.  Without these, world order, for which We have so long strived, cannot be
established.  From the universities, too, must
come that ability which is the most valuable attribute of civilized men everywhere:  the ability to
transcend narrow passions and to engage in honest conversation; for civilization is by nature "the
victory of persuasion over force." Unity is strength.  No nation can divide within itself and remain
powerful.  It is this strong conviction that underlies the decision to plan for the well-organized and
co-ordinated system of education, training, and research which a university represents.  A
university is the fountain of learning: seek knowledge, and there you shall find it.

Nor can we ignore the importance of the spiritual in this academic life.  Learning and technical
training must be nurtured by faith in God, reverence for the human soul, and respect for the
reasoning mind.  There is no safer anchorage for our learning, our lives, and our public actions than
that provided by Divine teachings coupled with the best in human understanding.  Leadership
developed here should be guided by the fundamental values and the moral power which have for
centuries constituted the essence of our religious teachings.  These are crucial times when nations
rise against nations.  Tensions increase, and disaster is possible at any moment.  Distances are
shrinking; peace and life are threatened by misunderstanding and conflict.  Now is the time when
the sincere belief in man's kinship to God must be the foundation for all of man's efforts for
enlightenment and learning -- the basis for all understanding, co-operation and peace.  We charge
all of you, the members of this University, that these special values remain foremost, as a
foundation for your knowledge and thought, so that the fundamental moral truths will buttress and
support the whole structure of university life.

Discipline of the mind is a basic ingredient of genuine morality and therefore spiritual strength.  
Indeed, a university, taken in all its aspects, is essentially a spiritual enterprise which, along with
the knowledge and training it imparts, leads students into more wise living and a greater
sensitivity to life's responsibilities.  Up to the present, technical training has been achieved through
the College of Engineering and in the Ethio-Swedish Building College.  These institutions, We trust,
which are now merged into the University, will be expanded
and developed so that the number of competent Ethiopian technicians will continue to increase.
Education: An Investment
Education is costly, and higher education is the most costly of all.  But it is also an investment, a
very profitable investment, and the money spent in coordinating, strengthening, and expanding
higher education in Ethiopia is well invested.  We are proud of Our people's recognition of the
value of education.  Their concerted effort in the building of schools and other social activities is
most gratifying.  Educational institutions, unlike business enterprises, do not exist and operate for
profits in dollars and cents.  They exist to perform public services, and they are judged by the
effectiveness and economy with which they perform these services.

To the Board of Governors, to the administrators, We recommend economy, so that the benefits of
the University can be enjoyed by as many of our young men and women as possible.  Not a dollar
should be wasted of the money so hardly earned and so generously contributed by our own
Government and by the Governments of other nations.  Plan thoughtfully, supervise closely, and
manage economically, to the end that the greatest possible return may be realized in the
preparation of competent manpower, in useful research and in training both technical and moral
leadership.  An immediate gain of the consolidation and coordination, the centralization of
resources and operations, should be a saving in costs, and We urge all to co-operate fully in the
attempt to realize this objective.  Diligence is demanded in developing this University as rapidly as
possible to meet the compelling needs of Our Empire.

We would ask that extraordinary emphasis be placed on the training of teachers for our primary
and secondary schools.  The educational process cannot be a narrow column; it must be in the
shape of a pyramid and broadly based.  To provide this broad base, large numbers of teachers are
required, and we have a duty to provide Ethiopian teachers for these schools.  This is why We have
established teacher training centres in Harar and other places.
Need For Various Disciplines
The study of the humanities must not be neglected, and the College of Arts and Sciences must be
strengthened and encouraged to develop its studies.  These are the subjects which contribute most
to the understanding and growth of our cultural heritage, and so assist in fulfilling one of the
University's primary aims.  These studies, which are concerned with human cultural achievements,
human rights, and duties, human freedoms, will enable youth to develop the understanding and
judgment necessary to the formulation of a sound philosophy of life, to the making of wise choices,
and to understanding what is involved in these choices.  These young people face a world beset
with the most effectively organized programme of deceptive propaganda and of thinly screened
operations ever known; they deserve the best that can be taught by their parents, by religious
institutions and by the University, to prepare them for a wise choice among contending ideals.

We would ask for the immediate founding of a graduate Faculty of Law, where our own graduates
may be trained to enter the legal profession.  Our Empire has need, in its government, its
commerce, for well-educated lawyers, and particularly for those who have been trained in their
own university, in their own codes and customs.  We would also ask for the organization of a
Faculty of Medicine in the near future.  The training of doctors is a long and arduous process, and
this very fact makes it all the more urgent that our own faculty be inaugurated as soon as possible.

While laying great stress on education for our younger citizens, we should not forget the obligation
and the opportunity which the University will have with respect to the older citizens.  As We study
the plans and projects of this University, We realize that much attention is being given to the
extension of its usefulness to the entire population, in the form of extension courses and lectures.  
This is according to Our wish, Haile Selassie I University should attempt, either at this main site or
at a branch, to serve every qualified citizen who wishes and is able to avail himself of the resources
of the University if he is willing to do the required work.
Highest Calling
We do not suggest that the list of needs which We have mentioned is complete, but they represent
needs to which this University is seeking to respond.  The heaviest responsibility will, naturally,
fall on the faculty.  Theirs is the job of training the minds and hands of the youth of Ethiopia in the
knowledge and in the special skills.  We may all be proud of the Ethiopian members of the faculty
who have adopted this highest of callings and who have in the past and will continue in the future
to render great service to their nation.  The teachers who, in the past, coming from many different
countries, have discharged the duty of educating Ethiopia's young men and women have earned
Our appreciation and gratitude and the appreciation and gratitude of all of us.  Their example
should spur on those who staff the faculty of the University to pursue their tasks with diligence and
to spare no effort to ensure that their teaching inspires those who study in their classrooms.

We sincerely thank Dr. Lucien Matte who assisted Us for many years with loyalty, devotion and
diligence in Our efforts for the progress of education in Our country and in the establishment of the
University College of Addis Ababa which is one of the affiliated institutions of the Haile Selassie I

Also We wish to remember the late Mr. A. Besse who was one of those who have generously
contributed towards the establishment of this University.

All of you must maintain the highest standards in your instruction in order that the overall
standard of this University may be second to none.  Work together in harmony, as a team, in raising
this institution to the highest academic levels.  Each of you must do his part to contribute to the
advancement of knowledge.  You must above all be scholarly, for it is by deeds rather than by
words that you can most effectively inspire your students to heed your words.  Each of you should
consider it his duty to pursue research in your own field of study, for you will thereby bring
renown both upon yourselves and upon the institution.

On many occasions during recent years, We have had the opportunity to speak to our students.  We
trust that Our love and consideration for them and the deep interest which We feel in their
progress has been felt and understood.  Today, We have dedicated Our home, which We received
from Our noble father, to their service, as a free gift to the nation, in the hope that We thus
contribute to the opportunity for them to prepare for fruitful careers.

We ask that each student who passes through these halls devote himself to the development of his
mind and body, his mental and physical prowess, so as to be better able to serve his country and
his fellow countrymen.  Choose the field of study which best suits your talents, continue
unwavering in your diligent studies, prepare yourself for service in whatever profession you may
best fitted.  God grant you success.
Haile Selassie the First - December 19, 1961