|The Mercy Proclamation|
|By the Proclamation released on Hamle 17th, 1932, I announced to you that I advised the Italians |
in Ethiopia and who were completely encircled to submit to our Chiefs in order to avoid being
killed. Consequently I recommend to you to receive in a suitable manner and to keep all the
Italians who submit to you with or without arms. Do not reproach them for their atrocities to
which they had subjected our population. Show them that you are soldiers possessing human
feelings and a human heart. Do not forget that during the Battle of Adowa, the valiant Ethiopian
warriors who had handed over the Italian prisoners to their Emperor have increase the honor and
elevated the name of Ethiopia.
Actually, as you know, the Italian troops are wandering about dispersed, in Libya, Albania, and
Ethiopia. In Libya the British troops have captured more than 130,000 men. The Greek troops
have captured many thousands of Italians in Albania. The British troops have co-operated with Us
and those who have penetrated into Eritrea continue to capture each day numerous Italians.
The Italians are escaping and evacuating the regions to the West of Ethiopian territory, form the
North of Ethiopia to Lake Randolph. In the face of these circumstances, be vigilant on all your
positions so as to avoid that they destroy the country in the course of their withdrawal.
But We recommended to you to spare their lives and treat well the enemy which will represent
humanity; We particularly recommend to you spare and respect the life of children, women and old
people. Do not pillage the goods of others, even the property of the enemy. We recommend to you
not to burn any house.
When I order you to respect all these things it is only to ask you to perform an act of conscience,
because my heart tells me that the Ethiopian people is not unfair to any other civilized people in
their respect for the laws of war.
|Haile Selassie the First - July 1940|