Chapter V
United Nations International
UCI ~ I See You
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20th Anniversary Of U.N. Charter
Jun. 27, 1965
The occasion being observed today marks the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Charter of the
United Nations Organization.  At the same time also, the current year, 1965, has been designated as
International Co-operation Year and is being observed as such in accordance with the suggestions
made by the late Prime Minister Nehru of India for "laying more emphasis on the spirit of good
co-operation and understanding existing between governments of countries whose relations are
often known in terms of international problems, conflicts and misunderstandings."

As a founding member of the United Nations Organization twenty years ago today, Ethiopia has
been carrying out satisfactorily her obligations for strengthening the constitutional set up of the
world body over the years.  As a member of the various agencies of the world organization, in the
discharge of her duties she has been also availing herself of the services rendered by the
international body.

Today, the peoples of the world are about to succeed in overcoming the barriers of time and space
by living as members of a closely linked family of nations as a result of the advances made by
modern science and technology.  It can be said, therefore, that the world has now reached the stage
where matters affecting every individual country concern members of the entire international
community.

How best then could a world more united, peoples more intimately linked, attain the noble goal of
further strengthening the spirit of international co-operation, establishing an atmosphere of
mutual understanding and comprehension, and of making an effort for creating a world of supreme
peace and happiness?  The answer to this fundamental question must be provided by the United
Nations Organization which is now observing the twentieth anniversary of its founding.  On the
occasion of this 20th anniversary observance, it is indeed timely to contemplate what this
organization is, what are its potentialities and on the assessment of its achievements during the
past twenty years to project what it should be -- this organization in which mankind has reposed
its faith as a useful instrument for exploring ways of settling disputes and conflicts between states
and governments and for the maintenance of international peace and security, making suggestions
on how best to improve it still further.
Mankind's Hope
The Charter of the United Nations Organization embodies the fundamental hopes and aspirations
of mankind, of safeguarding human rights, maintaining world peace, raising global standards of
living, and for advancing educational standards without making any distinction of race, sex,
language and religion.  And these hopes and aspirations of mankind can only be of value when we
ourselves are dedicated to pursue the goal set by showing abiding respect for the provisions of the
Charter and by working for their ultimate realization.  Unflinching dedication to the Charter is
essential if world peace is to be strengthened and fundamental human rights are to be adequately
safeguarded.  In word and in deed, we must exemplify a resolute spirit to defend international
morality when threatened and if necessary to suffer and die for truth and justice so that this
international morality will be reinforced and strengthened.  As We said on various occasions in the
past, the responsibility for safeguarding world peace is not limited to the Great Powers.  Peace and
war affect not only the Big Powers but all mankind and are therefore the concern of all the peoples
of the world.

Co-operation and understanding are basic to the maintenance of world peace; therefore it is the
duty of the international community to endeavour so that this spirit be strengthened and made
universal among all nations who hold the responsibility of safeguarding world peace.

The peoples of the world draw new moral strength and hope from considering what the United
Nations can do in achieving the objectives referred to above.  Because of the existence of the U.N.
disputes arising between two states wherein the interest of one of them is trampled upon by the
other become eventually a matter of international public opinion which cold influence the justice
of the cause.  The organization also has the power and influence to give international conflicts the
opportunity of affording a period for the reduction of the temper of such conflicts and to mitigate
the forces of evil before they reach a point of explosion that can destroy mankind.
To Find Solutions
The activities of the United Nations Organization can raise the living standards of people
throughout the world.  However, how could it be possible for this great task to be accomplished
satisfactorily when some states do not implement the decisions of the Organization?  How could
that last hope of mankind achieve its noble objective when some states are pursuing their own
selfish ends of defying the authority of the international organization?  Does it not mean that, if the
solutions to the problems facing the world are not founded by the Organization, and if these, when
found, are not accepted by all member states, the international body is growing weaker and
weaker?  We feel that the U.N. in its efforts to provide a body of international law and to secure its
respect has fallen short of expectation.

What course of action should the small nations pursue vis 'a vis the prevailing constitutional
framework of the United Nations Organization and the existing international situation?  Small
nations ought to refrain from making themselves tools for igniting friction between the Great
Powers.  Receiving development aid and other forms of foreign assistance should not be
conditioned by obligations to take sides.  In order to achieve this goal, they must not only adhere
to a policy of political non-alignment but they should also oppose and proscribe consistently all
small conflicts brought about, and to be brought about, and to be brought about, by the prevailing
international cold war.  At a time when We are striving hard to halt to halt the armanents race, We
are convinced that a nuclear war would devastate the whole world.  However, we must work
together for the ending of the little wars which are consuming the energies of the small nations and
decimating our people.

The untenable doctrine of racial supremacy, being a threat to the maintenance of international
peace and security as well as a serious set-back for establishing a salubrious atmosphere of
understanding and co-operation in the world, we must work together against the philosophy of
racism.
Has U.N. the Authority?
Has the United Nations Organization the authority for achieving these ends?  Is the Organization
showing a zealous spirit to pursue these ends consistently?  If it has not authority for doing these
things, are we ready and willing to vest it with enough power for the organization to carry out its
task satisfactorily?  If we are to survive the Organization has also got to survive.  If it has to survive,
it should be strengthened.  And, to strengthen its structure, the Organization must get the requisite
authority.  The weak must not be mauled or molested by the strong.  All states fulfilling conditions
entitling them to membership should be admitted to the Organization.  Because peace cannot reign
in an atmosphere reeking with poverty and hunger, We should explore and strengthen the means
of feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, and enlightening the illiterate.

Today the Great Powers should also wake up to the realization of the fact that the key to their
destiny and future happiness does not lie in their own hands alone.  There is no peace without
co-operation.  Be it known that the principles enshrined in the Charter and the resolutions adopted
by the Organization are not there only for the small nations to respect and to implement.  In efforts
being made to ease the gravity of world problems, the small nations should have a say.  Their
voices should be heard.  An atmosphere of mutual trust and confidence cannot be established
when the rights of small nations are not accorded the same respect as those of the Big Powers.  In
order to accomplish these tasks, it is essential to rouse the conscience of mankind.  Anyway,
strength and mutual trust are two indispensable qualities for achieving the common goal.  Even if
there is strength, the common ground of mutual confidence must be established.  To establish this,
we must work diligently.  Once we are able to do what is humanly possible, the rest could be left to
the Almighty God.  So that man whom He has created in His own image may not be destroyed, let
us repose our faith in God.
Haile Selassie the First - June 27, 1965