Chapter XI
Health
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10th Anniversary of World Health Organization (W.H.O.)
Apr. 07, 1958
On this auspicious occasion of the celebration of the Tenth Anniversary of the establishment of the
World Health Organization in most countries of the world, it is fitting and proper to bear in mind
the lofty ideals of the Organization as set forth in the Preamble to its Constitution.

The purpose of the Organization is, in essence, the securing of the "highest attainable standard of
health" to every human being "without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or
social position."  As we all know, disease is one of the deadliest enemies of mankind.  But, thanks to
the progress achieved in the field of medical science during this century, man is now no longer a
defenceless victim against all types of disease.  Today we have a World Health Organization to
co-ordinate the knowledge accruing from medical science that has been inherited from individuals
such as Louis Pasteur, Sir Alexander Fleming and Konrad Roentgen, who have devoted their lives
to free mankind from the scourge of disease.  The Organization assists member countries in
planning and organizing their health programmes, and thus helps to bring the benefits of medical
science to those who suffer from disease.  This is not only of inestimable value to the individual
countries to which the Organization extends advisory, technical and material assistance, but also
to the entire world at large -- for in this age of swift travel facilities, it is evident that our world has
contracted in its relative geographic position and, consequently, the outbreak of a contagious
disease in one country is a danger to the rest of the world.  Hence the necessity for every country to
enforce international health regulations as prescribed by the World Health Organization.
W.H.O. Co-operates
We are happy to state that the World Health Organization has co-operated with Our Ministry of
Public Health in planning and organizing a number of important public health projects in Our
Empire and in granting scholarships and fellowships to enable Ethiopians to pursue specialized
studies in the general field of medicine and public health.  Some of these young men and women,
who have benefited by the grants are already rendering valuable service in our Empire.  
Furthermore, Our Ministry of Public Health has an extensive health programme which is to be
realized with the co-operation of World Health Organization specialists in Ethiopia.  We are
confident that the co-operation of the Organization with Our Government will grow and become
even more fruitful in the years that lie ahead.

In as much as the United Nations Organization is vital in matters of world peace and international
understanding, so its Speciailized Agencies are likewise indispensable to the cause of international
well-being in that they endeavour to resolve the economic, social and humanitarian problems of
the international community.  In this respect, the role played by the World Health Organization has
been of considerable humanitarian value.  It is, therefore, appropriate that, as the World Health
Organization celebrates its Tenth Anniversary, we should all join in renewing our faith in the
Organization and in pledging our unwavering moral and material support in its universal fight
against disease -- the common enemy of mankind.
Haile Selassie the First - April 7, 1958