UCI ~ I See You
His Imperial Majesty
Emperor Haile Selassie I
Ethiopian Flag of Emperors of Ethiopia
The Revised Constitution of The Empire of Ethiopia - 1955

The Flag of the Empire consists of three horizontal bands, the uppermost green, the middle yellow and the nethermost red, in such
detail as is determined by law.
The Lion of Judah
The Lion of Judah symbol represents the Solomonic Dynasty of the Ethiopian Empire and the proper rendition is the Lion facing the
east.  The flag of the last reigning Emperor,
Haile Selassie I, of the Ethiopian Empire.
The flag with the Lion of Judah (1897–1974).
It remains revered by Rastafarians and people loyal to
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I.
"The flag with the red, yellow, and green with Our seal "the Lion of Judah hath prevailed"(Revelation 5:5) is the symbol of
Ethiopia's independence, its a symbol of freedom."

"The value of a flag springs from the sacrifices made to defend it, as the symbol of Our independence. Otherwise there is
no difference between a flag and any other piece of cloth.

Our flag is a source of eternal inspiration, loyalty, and a symbol of the sacred duty and obligation as a soldier - to him it is
a moral sentinel." -
Girmawi Qedamawi Haile Selassie

Etiyopia lezelalem tinur!!!

Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot ~ FB post ~ 23 Sep 2019
Color and symbolism
"represents the richness and the fertility of our land as well as hope "
"represents religious freedom and peace."
"represents the sacrifice of our fathers, who spilled their blood in defense of Ethiopia"
Upon gaining independence from colonial rule, several newly established countries in Africa adopted these three colours in
homage to Ethiopia's resistance against foreign occupation. When adopted by Pan-Africanist polities and organizations for
their activities, the colours are often referred to as the Pan-African colours.
Alternative characterization:
Red on top is for wartimes.  Red on top is blood of the enemy.
Red on bottom is for peace.  Red on bottom is blood of the ancestors.
The green-yellow-red flag appeared in 06 October 1897. It was the flag of Ethiopia that became the basis for the Pan African
colours. Before the end of the Ethiopian Empire the colours were interpreted as: red for power and faith; yellow for church, peace,
natural wealth and love; and green for land and hope.  
May 10, 2015 ~ Ethiopia - Flags of the World    
Source:  https://flagspot.net/flags/et.html
The Imperial Standard of Ethiopia
The Imperial Standard is the Ethiopian flag (horizontal
Green, Yellow, and Red stripes) with St. George slaying the
Dragon on the back of the flag. Surrounded with the chain of
the Order of Solomon’s seal, and the Lion of Judah on the
front. The Ethiopian Star of Solomon (Star of David with a
Cross Centered on it) would appear on each corner of the
standard, front and back.

St. George was one of Ethiopia’s Patron Saints, and was
associated particularly with the Imperial Family and with
the Imperial Military forces as well.

The Battle of Adwa in 1896 which resulted in a resounding
victory of Ethiopia over the colonial forces of Italy took
place on the feast day of St. George, and it is this event that
inspired both the construction of Addis Abeba’s St. George
Cathedral (Qidus Giorgis) and the placement of this Saint
on the Imperial Standard, and on the Standard of the
Imperial Army.

A very large mosaic of St. George was part of the façade of
the Parliament building in Addis Abeba, but it was painted
over by the Derg regime following the revolution of 1974,
and it remains painted over today.

Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot FB Post ~ 02-09-2019
The Ethiopian Flag and the Pan-African Colors
Originated in Axum, the heart of Ethiopian civilization, the Ethiopian flag is one of the oldest flags in the world, if not the oldest, as
its symbolism has its connection to the rainbow and the Covenant that God made with Noah. Over the many hundreds of years,
thousands of Ethiopians gave their lives to protect what the flag stand for. For Ethiopians, the Ethiopian flag has been the symbol
of unity and solidarity of Ethiopia as one nation. Due to the long and unconquered history of Ethiopia, that island of Christianity,
the Ethiopian flag is one of the most revered in the world and should be held as such.

The colors of the Ethiopian flag are Green (top), Yellow (middle), and Red (bottom) horizontal stripes of equal size. They have
appeared in different orders during different reigns. Before the rectangular tri-color it was displayed as pennants. Also, sometimes
white was substituted for yellow, and blue instead of green. The present form of the flag was adopted by Emperor Menelik II.
Emperor Yohannes IV used other variations and previous monarchs used certain emblems that changed over time.

October 6, 1896 remains a historically significant date in Ethiopian history, as Ethiopia decisively defended itself from Italian
colonization at the Battle of Adwa. A year later from this date is where Emperor Menelik II ordered the three pennants to be
combined in a rectangular tricolor.

It was 39 years later from this victory at Adwa that Ethiopia was once again faced with Italy’s burning desire to colonize Her and
the threat of Her Flag being cancelled. This was crucial, not only for Ethiopia but for Africa, and Blacks all across the world. This
was the fight between Good and Evil. The last remaining independent country in the continent of Africa was at stake of losing its
age-old independence. However, due to the help of the Almighty God, who is beyond great and mighty, and the fierce resolve of the
Ethiopians, Ethiopia stood victorious, and maintained that independence She so much cherished, once again. But this time it would
have a domino effect for the greater good of Africa, because after World War II many African nations, one by one, began to receive
their independence, and upon receiving their independence, many of them copied the Ethiopian flag and adopted some version of
it as their national flag because it was seen as a symbol of freedom, bravery, and independence. Ethiopia stood as the symbol of

What do the various Components of the Ethiopian Flag Represent?

The colors represent various aspects in the history of Ethiopia.

They represent:

Red: The red stripe on the flag stands for faith, power, and blood. Ethiopians have always defended and honored
their territory. This is evident from the fact that they managed to defeat the Italians who aspired to colonize the country.
Historically the facts reveal that Ethiopia is one of the African countries that were never colonized by Europeans. Generally the red
color represents the blood that was spilled by the Ethiopians in the event of trying to safeguard their territory from invasion by

Yellow: The yellow stripe on the flag symbolizes the Church, wealth and love. It also indicates that Ethiopians love peace as
evident by their long durations of political stability. Ethiopia is a rich country. It is known to possess various precious natural

Green: The Green color is always suggestive. It represents life and hope. The green color on the Ethiopian flag represents the
Ethiopian land. It also symbolizes Hope. It is the productive Ethiopian land that has enabled the country to progress economically.

The colors of the flag are also connected to and represent the Holy Trinity.

"The value of a flag springs from the sacrifices made to defend it, as the symbol of Our independence. Otherwise there is no
difference between a flag and any other piece of cloth.

Our flag is a source of eternal inspiration, loyalty, and a symbol of the sacred duty and obligation as a soldier - to him it is a
moral sentinel."
- His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I

Long live Independent Mother Ethiopia.
May God continually bless the entire continent of Africa and her people!

[Below are some of the African countries that share the same colors of the Ethiopian Flag]

Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot FB Post ~ 02-09-2019
Historical Flags of Ethiopia
Note:  Not able to confirm the actual age of the flag below; however it is consistent with the color arrangements of early
Ethiopian flags.
One of the oldest surviving national flags of

This flag was made before 1897. Here, one
is able to notice that the colors are reversed
from what it is known to be today, where
the uppermost band known to be green, is
red, the middle band yellow, which is
embroidered with the Ge'ez sign " Me ", the
first letter of the name, Menelik, who was
Emperor of Ethiopia during the time of the
Battle of Adwa, and the nethermost band
being green, instead of red. Before the 17th
century, Ethiopian kings are believed to
have used different banners with Imperial
or religious symbols.

Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot ~ FB post ~ 13
Aug 2020
Tsega Tekle Haimanot ~ album Emperor
Yohannes IV ~ 13 August 2020

The Flag of Emperor Yohannes IV proudly
displayed by priests at Hiruy Giorgis Church
near Dabra Tabot, Gondar. Emperor
Yohannes gave his life in defense of the
territorial integrity of his Kingdom, Ethiopia.
He was killed by Mahandist Sudanese at the
Battle of Gallabat that took a place on 9-10
March 9-10, 1889 in Metemma near the
Sudanese border.
Omar Arnold ~ Tsega Tekle Haimanot ~ 13 August 2020

Yohannes IV was not killed in the battle he died shortly after the battle from a injury he sustained in the battle and that's the oldest
flag of Ethiopia.  Emperor Yohannes is said to had acted rashly and had made himself vulnerable, going beyond enemy lines in a
range of enemy shots as victory was going to his side. Mortally wounded from a gunshot, he had been carried to his tent, where he
announced that his nephew Ras Mengesha was actually his natural son, and named him his heir (his elder son Ras Araya Selassie
had died a few years earlier). He died hours later after this.
Before the rectangular flag was created,
Ethiopia flew three colored pennants.
Flag of Ethiopia
A year after Ethiopia decisively
defended itself from Italian colonization
at the Battle of Adwa, Menelik II on 6
October 1897 ordered the three
pennants combined in a rectangular
tricolor from top to bottom of red,
yellow, and green with the first letter of
his own name (the Amharic letter "ም")
on the central stripe.
Flag of the Ethiopian Empire
In 1914, the flag was reversed to its current
flag. The flag's tri-colour scheme has
existed since the  early 19th century, and
the colours green, yellow, and red, have
carried special importance since
at least the early 17th century.  The red was
then at the top.

Prior to 1996 (and to some extent even
today), the 'plain' flag was commonly
seen across the  nation and the world.
The Imperial Flag of Ethiopia
with the Lion of Judah (1941–1974)
It remains popular with the Rastafari
movement and people loyal to
Emperor Haile Selassie I.
War Ensign of the Imperial Ethiopian
Navy (1955–1974)
Based upon the Blue Ensign.
Flag of Ethiopia (1974–1975)
modified after Haile Selassie's overthrow by
removing the crown from the lion's head
and by  changing the cross finial to a spear
The Imperial Flag (i.e., royal flag) often featured the emblem of a Lion of Judah, a crowned lion carrying a cross centred in the
banner's yellow midsection.  The flag is understood to be a link between the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the
peoples, and the nation that was united. The processional cross carried by the lion was the former flag or symbol of Ethiopia,
and has likewise been in use since at least the early 17th century.
War Ensign of the Imperial Ethiopian Navy
The official flag under the Derg
Essentially the Imperial flag without the
lion. It was seen more than the state flag.

During the Derg regime, a number of
different emblems were experimented
with. However, the basic colour
schematic has remained constant. Even
after declaring itself a Communist
regime, the Derg did not dare to tamper
with the colours' layout, but simply
removed and changed the imperial
emblem after Haile Selassie I's
The state flag under the Derg
Rarely seen, and a forerunner to the flag
introduced in 1987
Source: Historical Flags of Ethiopia Wikipedia
The flag of the People's Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991)
introduced the current ratio of 1:2

An alternative emblem featuring a five
pointed star  and rays over a cogwheel
surrounded by a wreath  of leaves was a
featured emblem.
The flag of the Transitional Government
of Ethiopia (1991–1996). It is the same
as the 1975–1987 official flag, except for
the ratio. It's still widely accepted by
majority of Ethiopians and the
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
also uses the flag, the Green, Yellow and
Red as an official symbol of the church.
Many still believe that this flag should
and will be the official flag of the
The state flag of the Transitional
Government of Ethiopia, adopted on 28 May
The flag of the Federal Democratic Republic
of Ethiopia from 6 February to 31 October
1996.  Its central disc is smaller and
brighter than in the current flag.
The current flag.
Alternative depictions of the Imperial Flag of Ethiopia
The lion is the old emblem of the emperor,
and was part of the first Ethiopian flag
hoisted on 06 October 1897, but then the
order of the colours were red over yellow
over green.
The Ethiopia tricolour, with the Lion of
Judah on one side and St George slaying
the dragon on the other, each encircled
by the collar of the Order of Solomon's
Seal, in each corner of the standard the
badge of the order (a Star of David with
a cross).
On his appointment to the Order of the
Garter in 1954 the Emperor ordered the
Imperial Flag of  Ethiopia be adorned with
the collar of the Order of Solomon's Seal
with each corner of the  standard the badge
of he order (a Star  of David with a cross)
representing him as "Emperor of Ethiopia"
and "The Conquering Lion of the Tribe of
At the College of Arms (UK) website, an article on Haile Selassie I says:

"On his appointment to the Order of the Garter in 1954 the Emperor at first
asked that he be allotted two stalls in St George's Chapel, one for him as
Emperor of Ethiopia, and the other for him as The Conquering Lion of the Tribe
of Judah."

"A compromise was reached and he accepted one stall but with the banner
hanging above it having different devices on either side to represent his dual
It would be interesting to find out what those devices were.  However, it may be
similar argument to why the old Ethiopian flag had two sides, one with a lion
and one with the dragon.  ~ Nathan Lamm and Santiago Dotor, 20 May 2004
Regional Flags of Ethiopia
Ethiopia is currently split into nine different Regions. The Afar Region, the Harari Region, the Gambela Region, the Oromia Region,
the Somali Region, the Tigray Region, the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, the Amhara Region, and the Southern Nations, Nationalities,
and Peoples' Region, each with their own flag.
Afar Region
Amhara Region
Benishangul-Gumuz Region
Gambela Region
Harari Region
Oromia Region
Somali Region
Southern Nations, Nationalities and
Peoples Region
Tigray Region
Source: Regional Flags of Ethiopia Wikipedia
"Ethiopian church flag will be used for religious holiday celebration across the country

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church announced on Friday that its flag the use of which was restricted in the patriarchate’s
residence in the capital Addis Ababa will be in use across all the dioceses in the country and outside of it where there is Ethiopian
It means that it will be in use across the regional states in Ethiopia.
The flag is green, yellow and red (horizontal in that order) and in the middle, it bears the emblem of saints and angels along with
the holy Gospel book over a white background.
The flag will also be in use during Ethiopian Orthodox Church spiritual holidays including Meskel (the finding of the true cross)
and epiphany. Priests, Sunday school choir as well as followers of the church will carry the flag in different parts of the country,
and the Holy Synod has called on government authorities in different parts of the country not to raise any question against the
The Ethiopian Church has been a victim of a targeted attack in different parts of the country. Dozens of churches were burned and
priests killed. The church responded to that by organizing a peaceful demonstration across the country."


Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot ~ FB post ~ 22 Oct 2019
Nothing is hidden from God's view!...
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