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"Black Psychosexual Development"
below are abstracts from Valerie Orridge presentation
"Black sexuality and relevant issues must be viewed within the context of a series of historical episodes in the black
experience in America. Black culture in America has been totally different from white, and there must be an
acceptance of this historical reality in order for accurate analysis to occur. Beginning with the slave trade industry,
which expanded over a period of more than 250 years, black people were manipulated and shaped psychologically
and sexually within a system of brutal oppression. The circumstances under which the black population arrived in
America dictates that their sexuality cannot be evaluated by standards, mainly Eurocentric, developed by whites for
white populations. Within the slave experience, sexuality was completely controlled by whites. Torn from their
African tribal constraints, men and women alike were as breeding animals to procreate more slaves. Women were
completely divested of any control of their sexuality. Having to have sex with white men on the plantation, having to
have sex with the black men at the direction of the white slave master, being placed naked on the auction block for
bidding did nothing to bolster the black woman’s esteem.

It was during this institution of slavery that racial and sexual stereotypes had their genesis, indeed to justify the
perpetuation of black slavery. Men were portrayed as having huge phalli, unrestrained libidos, limitless in sexual
activity, but impotent intellectually. Women were depicted as free, loose, amoral—savage-like, primitive, and
uninhibited in sexual activity. It was this justification that gave birth to a philosophy of racism, and set the foundation
for future race relations. Generations of being manipulated sexually were responsible for the oppressed viewing
themselves in the same way as the oppressors. There was no other model of morality and the personality could not be
independent of its environment of involuntary promiscuity and polygamy.

During Reconstruction, race laws were relaxed and the black population was given some degree of protection and
safety from racial terrorism. Men and women were permitted to marry. Indeed, men and women could not marry
within the slavery system. The Post-Reconstruction era was also a time of terror for the black population. The Ku Klux
Klan and other race hate organizations conducted mass lynchings of black men. The sharecropping environment was
another form of plantation life where, again, the black women were the victims of forced sexual activity by white men.

The subsequent exodus of masses of black people from the South to northern cities seeking employment
opportunities was the foundation for the development of massive black communities in Northern inner cities. The
search for opportunity was an abortive attempt for most. Lack of employment, adequate housing, educational
opportunities, medical attention, and other deficits led to the formation of the “ghetto,” and its subsequent living
conditions. Out of this environment of economic stress, substandard education, employment deficits, and a lack of
quality of life factors for survival emerged a way of life. It is a way of life that has had to adapt itself for survival and
defend itself from oppression. A people are a product of their experience and their environment, and it is within this
social framework that sexual attitudes for the black masses have developed. It is a part of the social heritage that is
transgenerational. To be certain, not all blacks fit this picture. There are many well-educated, accomplished, and
otherwise well-to-do middle- and upper-class blacks whose lives have not been infected by the pathologies of inner-
city life. By and large, this percentage is infinitesimal in comparison to the masses. It is imperative to understand the
relationship between psychosexual development, the philosophy of race, and the shaping by historical factors."


Source:  FB Post 31 July 2015 ~ Retrieved 03-21-2018