Chapter I - Part 1
Higher Education
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Agriculture College - Graduation
Jan. 16, 1958
... From the beginnings of recorded history, right up to the Middle Ages,
and even as late as the beginnings of the Industrial Age in which we
live, agriculture has always constituted the fundamental source of
wealth for the human race ...
It gives Us great pleasure to be present here to inaugurate the College of Agriculture and
Mechanical Arts, an occasion which marks a great and far-reaching advance in Our programme for
the promotion of agricultural education.  This institution will serve as a source of inspiration in
carrying out the agricultural programme which we have laid down for the future.

In establishing this College for the development of the natural wealth of Our country, agriculture
and animal husbandry, on modern and scientific lines, Our main purpose has not been merely to
develop and utilize these basic resources to supply the daily needs of Our people, but, in addition,
to produce a surplus to be shared with other countries of the world.  Ethiopia, to some degree, has
done this in the past.  For example, when the world was sorely distressed by lack of food
immediately after the Second World War, Our country, although she herself had for five long years
been struggling to recover from he terrible damage inflicted upon her during the war, was yet able
to perform a significant service in supplying foodstuffs to the countries of the Middle East.  And We
have been pleased to observe how, since then, Our people have increasingly devoted
themselves to improving the agriculture of Our country.

A country and people that become self-sufficient by the development of agriculture can look
forward with confidence of the future.

Agriculture is not only the chief among those fundamental and ancient tasks which have been
essential to the survival of mankind, but also ranks first among the prerequisites to industrial and
other developments.
Solid Agriculture Base
History affords Us ample evidence that mankind abandoned its nomadic way of life and developed
a settled, communal economy only when man became skilled and competent in agricultural
techniques.  From the beginnings of recorded history, right up to the Middle Ages, and even as late
as the beginning of the Industrial Age in which we now live, agriculture has always constituted the
fundamental source of wealth for the human race.

Only when a solid agricultural base has been laid for Our country's commercial and industrial
growth can We ensure the attainment of the ultimate goal of Our development programme,
namely, a high standard of living for Our people.  Commerce and industry, being concerned in the
main with production and distribution, can only develop and profit from existing  resources, but
cannot actually create things which did not exist before.

Most of the districts of Our Harar Province are populated mainly by nomadic people.  Now that We
are in a position to anticipate an adequate water supply from the rivers and wells in the region, the
area will flourish and land will no longer lie fallow in the province if only the people of Ogaden, Esa
and Adal could be educated in agricultural techniques.  All this can be attained only by means of
the wisdom which flows from the fountain of education.  While this College will serve the whole of
Our country, its being established in the Province of Harar is the result of careful planning and
consideration on Our part.

Even in this nuclear age, in spite of the revolutionary changes in man's way of life which science
has brought about, the problem of further improving and perfecting agricultural methods
continues to hold a position of high priority for the human race.  It is hard to believe that a
substitute can ever be found for the occupation of agriculture - a sacred task graciously conferred
upon man by God to serve as the source of his well-being and the basis of his wealth.
Share and Exchange
Our country, Ethiopia, being blessed with an abundance of natural resources need not be anxious
about her own needs.  However, it is Our constant endeavour and Our firm desire, that Our people
will produce not only enough to meet their own requirements but that their production will enable
them to share and exchange the fruits of their labour with other countries.

If only Ethiopia, with an assured wealth of natural resources, would look at what the barren Sahara
Desert has been made to produce by the endeavour  of trained scientists, she would realize that
science is a source of wealth.  We would, therefore, have Our students and scholars accept as their
primary duty the attainment of scientific knowledge through educations.

We have placed Our trust in this College to be the chief instrument for the attainment of this high
goal, and We are confident that the students who have today received their diplomas from Our
hands, as well as those who follow them in the future, will through their achievements furnish Us
with tangible evidence of the fulfillment of this Our purpose and Our desire.

Agriculture and industry are indispensable one to the other.  Only close co-operation between
these two branches of knowledge can guarantee the fulfillment of Our programme of economic
development for Our country.

This College, which holds a prominent place in the plans We have laid down for the prosperity and
welfare of Our beloved people and country, can look forward to receiving the same constant
support which We have shown in the past.

It is with pleasure that We express on this occasion Our gratitude to Our great friend, the United
States of America, for the generous and significant assistance they have given to this institution as
part of their great effort for the development of the spirit of cooperation and understanding among
the nations of the world.  We would request His Excellency the Ambassador to convey Our thanks
to his Government.

If the late Dr. Bennet, who laid the plans for this institution and whose great desire and tireless
efforts to achieve the establishment of an Agricultural and Mechanical College in this country are
well-known to Us, were with Us today to see the fulfilment of his plans, how happy he would have
been!  With deep sorrow in Our heart, remembering the words "Man proposes, God disposes," We
pay tribute to his memory in this hour.

We would like to express Our sincere thanks to the Director of the Point Four Programme in this
country, the President and staff of this College, and all of Our officials who have laboured to bring
this institution into being.

It is not enough for the children of Ethiopia to be recipients of education.  They should never forget
that the responsibility for passing on this knowledge to others and of handing it over to the next
generation rests on them.
Haile Selassie the First - January 16, 1958