Chapter XVIII
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Interviewed By Yugoslav Press
Sep. 09, 1959
During Our recent visit, with President Nasser of the United Arab Republic We exchanged views on
the utilization of the Nile Waters.  It was clearly understood by all that the resources of the Nile are
adequate for the needs of all the riparian states, provided of course that there is consultation and
agreement between them.  We were able to inform President Nasser that We have Our own plans
for the utilization of the Blue Nile River.  It is Our impression that President Nasser fully
understands Our position on this question.

On Our part a study is under way for the development of the Nile basin, and it is expected that
construction will start in the vicinity of Lake Tana in the very near future.  The study is being
conducted by a team of experts from various countries.  The extent of the benefit to accrue for
Ethiopia from the utilization of the Nile waters can best be judged from the benefits already being
drawn from this river by both Sudan and the United Arab Republic.

Our relations with Yugoslavia in general and in the fields of economic cooperation and exchange of
trade in particular have developed rapidly.  To cite two among the many projects which we have
been able to develop with the assistance provided by Yugoslav Government by credit and technical
assistance are the port of Assab and a survey of the Water Resources of Ethiopia.  It is Our
expectation that these relations and collaboration between Yugoslavia and Ethiopia will further
develop for the mutual benefit of our two peoples.

During Our recent visit to the USSR, We felt that the people and Government of that country
sincerely desired peace.  This impression has been confirmed also by what the Authorities have
declared to Us.

It is Our hope that efforts for peace would not confine themselves to verbal statements, but would
work out in the actual relations between the nations of the world.

We have also been deeply impressed by the vast resources of the country and the industry and
diligence of the people.

As to the question regarding trade and cooperation between Ethiopia and Communist nations,
problems of communication and geographical location can stand in the way of development.  But
trade relations have already been commenced with some of these countries, and a certain amount
of development can be anticipated.

Regarding the recent appointments in the Iraq Government, We would consider this an internal
matter of that Government, and would not like to express any opinion, since We believe in the
principles of non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations.
Eisenhower-Khrushchev Meeting
The forthcoming meeting between President Eisenhower and Premier Khrushchev may well thaw
the cold war and become a step on the road to peace, for which the whole world yearns deeply,
and therefore it is a very significant event in the history of our decade.  We welcome this meeting.  
However, it has to be stated quite categorically that no ultimate solution can be arrived at without
all the nations who are member of the U.N. organization participating in it.  The mistakes of the
Congress of Berlin and Yalta are not to be repeated.  The small nations, having also committed
themselves to the principles and Charter of the United Nations, would expect the big powers to
adhere to those principles of self-determination for small and big nations and to the channels of
negotiations, which have been established in our age after great sacrifices.

The main impression that We have gathered from Our recent visit to many countries in Africa and
Europe, is that all people are primarily desirous of working in peace to improve their standards of
living.  Since peace is the basic requirement for the peoples of the world to cooperate among
themselves for the betterment of their lives, it becomes and imperative duty of the leaders of
nations, as We have often stated, to make striving for peace the primary objective of their national
and international policy.  We would like to reaffirm Our strong conviction that the principles of
coexistence enunciated at the historic conferences of Bandung and Accra should form a major basis
in international relations.
Ethio-Yugoslav Relations
We have been pleased by the development of the close friendship and collaboration between
Ethiopia and Yugoslavia, during the past years, which have, as is known, yielded valuable results to
both nations.  Since it is Our fervent desire to see the development and strengthening of this
collaboration in variuos fields, We shall strive harder towards this objective.  The friendship
between Ethiopia and Yugoslavia bears eloquent testimony to the possibility of nations with
different political systems cooperating in facing their common problems and working together
towards world peace.

We remember how, during Our previous visit to Yugoslavia five years ago, the people of this
country gave warm expression to their feelings of friendship towards Ourselves and Our people.  
During the present visit also, the heartfelt welcome extended to Us by the peoples of the Slovenian
and Croation Republics, has manifested to Us genuinity of their goodwill towards Us and Our
people.  We have not only experienced the hospitality of the people, but have also observed with
admiration the priority given to, and the progress achieved in the field of industrial development.  
This achievement assures Us that the people of Yugoslavia, under the able leadership of His
Excellency President Tito, would, in the near future, attain an even greater degree of development
and welfare.
Haile Selassie the First - September 9, 1959