Culture Institute of Higherstanding
Library Home
Articles
Audio
Books
Internet
Magazines
Movies
Music
News
Organizations
Quotes
Radio
Seminars
TV
Videos
Time Periods
Name
Museums contain artifacts that provide recorded documentation of historical
and cultural evolution.

B.C.E.: "Before Common Era"  or "Before Christian Era"
C.E.    :  Common Era
B.C.    :  Before Christ
A.D.    : "anno Domini "in the year of the Lord" (since the birth of Christ)
c.         : circa (i.e., approximate, around, about)
c. 13.7B
years ago
Universe
c. 4.5B
years ago
Earth
c 2.4B to 2.1B
years ago
(Huronian Ice Age)
There have been at least five major ice ages in the
earth's past (the Huronian, Cryogenian,
Andean-Saharan, Karoo Ice Age and the Quaternary
glaciation). Outside these ages, the Earth seems to
have been ice-free even in high latitudes.

Rocks from the earliest well established ice age,
called the Huronian, formed around 2.4 to 2.1 Ga
(billion years) ago during the early Proterozoic Eon.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 850M - 630M
years ago
(Cryogenian Ice
Age)
The next well-documented ice age, and probably
the most severe of the last billion years, occurred
from 850 to 630 million years ago (the Cryogenian
period) and may have produced a Snowball Earth
in which glacial ice sheets reached the equator,
possibly being ended by the accumulation of
greenhouse gases such as CO2 produced by
volcanoes.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 460M - 420M
years ago
(Andean-Saharan
Ice Age)
The Andean-Saharan occurred from 460 to 420
million years ago, during the Late Ordovician and
the Silurian period.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 360M - 260M
years ago
(Karoo Ice Age)
The evolution of land plants at the onset of the
Devonian period caused a long term increase in
planetary oxygen levels and reduction of CO2
levels, which resulted in the Karoo Ice Age. It is
named after the glacial tills found in the Karoo
region of South Africa, where evidence for this ice
age was first clearly identified. There were
extensive polar ice caps at intervals from 360 to
260 million years ago in South Africa during the
Carboniferous and early Permian Periods.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 65M
years ago
Astroid impacted the earth at the Yucatan
Peninsula resulting in a 180km (diameter) crater
causing a catastophic global event resulting in the
extinction of the dinosaurs along with many other
animals and organisms.
c. 4.4M
years ago
Yohannes Haile-Selassie and other scientists
announced October 1, 2009, the discovery of the
oldest fossil skeleton of a human ancestor.  
Ardipithecus ramidus—belonged to a small-
brained, 110-pound (50-kilogram) female
nicknamed
"Ardi."

The Ardipithecus ramidus fossils were discovered
in
Ethiopia's harsh Afar desert at a site called
Aramis in the Middle Awash region, just 46 miles
(74 kilometers) from where Lucy's species,
Australopithecus afarensis, was found in 1974.
Radiometric dating of two layers of volcanic ash
that tightly sandwiched the fossil deposits revealed
that Ardi lived 4.4 million years ago.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/
10/091001-oldest-human-skeleton-ardi-missing-link-
chimps-ardipithecus-ramidus.html
c. 3.2M
years ago
Perhaps the world's most famous early human
ancestor, the 3.2-million-year-old ape
"Lucy" was
the first
Australopithecus afarensis skeleton ever
found, though her remains are only about 40
percent complete (photo of Lucy's bones).

Discovered in 1974 by paleontologist Donald C.
Johanson in
Hadar, Ethiopia, A. afarensis was for
about 20 years the earliest known human ancestor
species.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006
/09/060920-lucy.html

The Bones of Lucy ~ The Network Journal ~
Retrieved-2015-12-26a
The Bones of Lucy ~ The Network Journal ~
Retrieved-2015-12-26b
c. 2.58M
years ago
(Quaternary
Glaciation)
The current ice age, the Pliocene-Quaternary
glaciation, started about 2.58 million years ago
during the late Pliocene, when the spread of ice
sheets in the Northern Hemisphere began. Since
then, the world has seen cycles of glaciation with
ice sheets advancing and retreating on 40,000- and
100,000-year time scales called glacial periods,
glacials or glacial advances, and interglacial
periods, interglacials or glacial retreats. The earth
is currently in an interglacial, and the last glacial
period ended about 10,000 years ago. All that
remains of the continental ice sheets are the
Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets and smaller
glaciers such as on Baffin Island.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 170K - 150K B.C.E.
Oma I and Oma II fossil remains (M168 –
Mitochondrial DNA)
Source: National Geographic ~ Genographic Project
c. 26K - 30K B.C.E.
Humans successfully migrated out of continental
Africa to other continents.
Source1: Modern Humans Came Out of Africa
Source2: Early Humans Settled Globe Gradually
c. 10,000-4000 B.C.E.
Kemet and Sumer Gods and Dynasties
(Pre-dynastic Period
)
c. 10,000-6000 B.C.E.
Stellar Calendar in use by the ancient Nile Valley
Africans and other Africans of the Great Lakes
regions.
Source: A Chronology of the Bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 4100-4000 B.C.E.
Solar Calendar in use by the ancient Nile Valley
Africans around Heliopolis.  The Book of the
Coming Forth by Day and by Night was introduced
in its revised state, also known today as The Book
of the Dead (as translated from hieroglyph to
English by Sir Ernest A. Wallis Budge, London,
England, 1885 C.E.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 3760 B.C.E.
Beginning of the "World" (Creation Story according
to the Hebrews' adaptation of Moses' Pentateuch
much later on).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 3200 B.C.E.
Memphis, early capital of Ta-Merry during Aha's
reign--founder of the First Dynasty.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 8) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
Kingdoms of North Africa and Ancient Egypt
Archaic Period
 
Nile Valley Civilization
c. 3100 - 2686 B.C.E.
Early Dynastical: Lower Egypt

Dynastic period begin under the Nubian named Aha
or Narmer whom Herodutus called "Menes"
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
Ancient Empire (1st - 8th Dynasties)
c. 2815 - 2400 B.C.E.
Old Kingdom
Early Dynastical: Upper Egypt (1st - 2nd
Dynasties)
c. 2780 - 2680 B.C.E.
(conflict dates: some
sources place this
period c.2668 - 2649
B.C.E.)
Old Kingdom (3rd dynasty)
  1. 3rd Dynasty: Teachings of Imhotep adviser to
    King Suten Djoser.
Source:
  1. Sakhara, or Saqqara, home of first Step
    Pyramid, built by architect Imhotep for
    Pharaoh Djoser III, of the Third Dynasty.  The
    true beginning of the 'Pyramid Age'.  Djoser's
    monument was the first built with a step
    pyramid that served as both tomb and temple.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 8) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 2680- 2181 B.C.E.
(conflict dates: some
sources place this
period c. 2668-2181
B.C.E.)
Old Kingdom (4th - 6th dynasties)
  1. 4th Dynasty: Teachings of Hordjedef
  2. 4th Dynasty: Teachings of Kagemni
Ghizeh or Giza, home of the largest of the
pyramids.  These pyramids were build during the
4th and 5th Dynasties (c. 2680 - 2270 B.C.E.)
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 8) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
  1. 5th Dynasty: Teachings of Ptah-hotep
  2. 6th Dynasty:
c. 2600–1900 B.C.E.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) or Harappan
Civilisation
was a Bronze Age civilisation (mature
period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the
northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from
what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan
and northwest India.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilisation
c. 2300 - 2050 B.C.E.
First Intermediate Period (7th - 11th dynasties)
  1. 10th dynasty: Teachings of King Merikare'
  2. ~2100 B.C. - 11th dynasty: Songs of the harpist
c. 2055 - 1650 B.C.E.
Middle Kingdom (11th - 12th dynasties)
c. 2000 - 1800 B.C.E.
Second Intermediate Period (13th - 17th
dynasties) Middle Empire
c. 1885 B.C.E.
The Book of Coming Forth by Day translated by Sir
Ernest A. Wallis Budge from hieroglyph to English
and renamed as 'The Book of the Dead'
c. 1770 - 1665 B.C.E.
Birth of Abraham - the first Hebrew in Asia, at the
City of Ur, Chaldea during its colonial period under
African rule to Sun Worshippers (parents).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)

" for the word Jew which is someone of European
descent
and Hebrew which is someone of African
descent
, i.e., the word Jew is dated after 538 B.C. and
the word [biblical] Hebrew is dated 1665 B.C. to 538
B.C. Furthermore, the term Eden is an English
translation for Africa which comes from the word
Alkebu-lan [see Carl C. Nichols lecture series "The
Bible in Africa."] (1)
Source: (1) Kush, I.K. (2000). Enoch the Ethiopian, Brooklyn: A&B
Publishers Group.
c. 1675 B.C.E.
First foreign invasion of Alkebu-lan (Africa). Egypt
overrun by Hyksos invaders from the banks of the
Oxus River around the so-called "Fertile Crescent".  
These were the first of the so-called "Semetic
Peoples" in Africa.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1670 B.C.E.
Abraham and family arrived in Africa (Qamt, which
the Hebrews are to later rename Mizrain, today's
Moslem's Mizrair, and Christian's Egypt).  Famine
and disease drove the handful of Hebrew
shepherds into Africa.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1590 - 1085 B.C.E.
New Empire
c. 1550 - 1070 B.C.E.
New Kingdom (18th - 20th dynasties)
c. 1479 - 1425 B.C.E.
Tuthmosis III, (Thutmosis or Tuthmosis III, and
meaning “Thoth is Born”), ruled Egypt for almost
54 years, circa 1479 BC to 1425 BC. He was a
brilliant general who never lost a battle; he
excelled as an administrator and statesman. He
was an accomplished horseman, archer, athlete
and discriminating patron of the arts.
Painting by
Omar Buckley at ramomart.com
c. 1320 B.C.E. (?)
Moses (an African of Qamt) born in Africa.  The
supposed "Father of the Old Testament".
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1230 B.C.E. (?)
Moses' civil war against Pharaoh Rameses II.  Date
of the "Exodus of the Hebrews" from Succoth to
Mount Sinai. (Central Qamt, or Egypt, to Eastern
Qamt)
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1200 B.C.E. -
400 B.C.E.
(Olmec Civilization)
The mysterious Olmec civilization prospered in
Pre-Classical (Formative) Mesoamerica from c.
1200 BCE to c. 400 BCE and is generally considered
the forerunner of all subsequent Mesoamerican
cultures such as the Maya and Aztecs. Centred in
the Gulf of Mexico (now the states of Veracruz and
Tabasco) their influence and trade activity spread
from 1200 BCE, even reaching as far south as
present-day Nicaragua. Monumental sacred
complexes, massive stone sculpture, ball games,
chocolate drinking and animal gods were features
of Olmec culture which would be passed on to all
those who followed this first great Mesoamerican
civilization.

Source: Mark Cartwright ~  
https://www.ancient.eu/Olmec_Civilization/
c. 1190 B.C.E. (?)
Date of Moses' disappearance (death)
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1070 - 664 B.C.E.
Third Intermediate Period (21st - 24th
dynasties)
c. 700 - 500 B.C.E.
Pentateuch (Five Books of Moses, Holy Torah, or
The Old Testament) completed and placed into
circulation.  A version of The Book of the Coming
Forth by Day and by Night, as distorted by Hebrews
living in "Egypt"; supposedly "the ...words of God
passed on to Moses...," who allegedly "...passed
them on, word for word, to God-inspired scribes...,"
etc.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 664 - 323 B.C.E.
Late Period (25th - 31th dynasties)
 
Argead Dynasty
c. 250 - 100 B.C.E.
Septuagint Version of the Pentateuch.  The first
Greek Version of the Hebrew's distortion of The
Book of the Coming Forth by Day and by Night
written by seventy-two writers: rabbis and other
"scholars" ("God-inspired scribes" according to the
teachings of the Jews, Christians and Moslems).  
This was written at Alexandria, Egypt (North
Africa) by African Hebrews.  It was a compilation of
forty-five books, called the Alexandrian Canon.  
This version was used by the earliest Greek and
Latin Church.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 30 B.C.E.
Ptolemaic Dynasty
c. 30  - 4 B.C.E.
Birth of Jesus the Christ of Nazareth.  
Announcement of a Hebrew boy born of Hebrew
(Israelite) parents named Joseph and Mary.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
 
 
c. 0 - 33  C.E. or A.D.
B.C.E. transition to C.E./A.D. Era during life of Jesus
of Nazareth.
c. 12 C.E. (A.D.)
Jesus the Christ challenges his teachers (Rabbis) in
the temple at Jerusalem.  Jesus sent to Africa to
hide from Roman Emperor Herod, to study in the
lodges, and for his initiation in the Mysteries
System of Egypt (North Africa).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 33 C.E. (A.D.)
Jesus the Christ murdered by Romans and Jews.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 52 - 100 C.E. (A.D.)
Koine Bible Version.  First Christian New
Testament Bible published and circulated.  Written
in the Greek language.  Parts were written in
"Aramaic"; allegedly the "language Jesus the Christ
spoke among the common people of Israel. ...," etc.,
called the Palestinian Canon Version.  This text was
developed by the Synod of Jamnia as a version of
the Pentateuch.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c.320s – c.360 A.D.
Ezana of Axum (Ge'ez: ዔዛና ʿĒzānā unvocalized
ዐዘነ ʿzn; also spelled Aezana or Aizan) was ruler of
the Kingdom of Aksum (320s – c. 360AD) located in
present-day Ethiopia, Eritrea, Yemen, southern
Saudi Arabia, northern Somalia, Djibouti, northern
Sudan, and southern Egypt. He himself employed
the style (official title) "king of Saba and Salhen,
Himyar and Dhu-Raydan".[1] Tradition states that
Ezana succeeded his father Ella Amida (Ousanas)
while still a child and his mother, Sofya served as
regent.
322 C.E.
Council of Bishops at Nicene.  This group of
Bishops of the Roman Catholic Church met upon an
edict of Emperor Constantine to take action on the
books of the Bible, along with Mary's "Immaculate
Conception" and "Virgin Birth of Jesus the Christ".
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
323 C.E.
Bishops of Nicene on majority vote approved the
"Immaculate Conception" and "Virgin Birth of Jesus
the Christ" to Mary.  Jesus the Christ declared to be
"God" -- "The Father, The Son, and Holy Ghost"
(today's Spirit).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
325 C.E.
Council of Nicea where Roman emperor
Constantine mandated the following of Roman
Catholic "Christianity" in which the Black Christ,
Heru, of ancient Egypt was changed to Michael
Angelo's 'White' version of Jesus depicted and
displayed in many homes and religious places of
worship today.
c. 350 - 400 C.E. (A.D.)
New Testament Canon Version.  The first
twenty-seven books.  A revision of the original total
of forthy-five books.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 520 C.E. (A.D.)
Christ in His kingly character.
... This painting is nearly 1500
years old and was found in an
Egyptian Church, St. Catherine
Monastery, Sinai, Egypt.

Source: Daniel Haileyesus and
Joannes Fey ~
FB Post on
10-09-2017
From the beginning Ethiopian History
is
Human History!



c. 1000 B.C.E. - Present
c. 1000 B.C.E. - Present
King David ~ King Solomon and Queen of Sheba
~ Emperor Menelik I ~ Emperor Haile Selassie I
~ The Crown Council of Ethiopia*
* The Crown Council of Ethiopia represents the
Emperor during an interregnum, such as the one
experienced since Our Emperor was deposed in
1974.

----- excerpt from the Kebra Negast -----

How Queen Makeda Made Her Son King of
Ethiopia

On the third day of the celebrations Makeda
delivered over to her son seventeen thousand
chosen horses, which were to watch the army of
the enemy, and one thousand chosen mules,
apparel of honour, gold and silver measured by the
omer; and she delivered over to her son everything
that was his by law, and the throne of her kingdom.

And the Queen said unto her nobles: "Speak ye
now, and swear by the heavenly Zion that ye will
not make women queens or set them upon the
throne of the kingdom of Ethiopia, and that no one
except the male seed of David, the son of Solomon
the King, shall ever reign over Ethiopia, and that ye
will never make women queens."  And all the
nobles of the king's house swore, also the
governors, the councillors and the administrators.

And she made Almeyas and Azariah the chief of the
priests and the chief of the deacons, and the sons of
the mighty men of Israel performed the Law,
together with their King David in the Tabernacle of
Witness...
and the kingdom was made anew.

excerpts from the book... (page 121)
Kebra Negast
(The Glory Of Kings) The True Ark Of The Covenant
Translated & Edited by Miguel F. Brooks
1438 - 1472
Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu
was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor
Pachacuti (1438–1472)

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Picchu
Jul 23, 1892
This is the date on which Tafari Makonnen was
born to Ras Makonnen and Woziero Yasmibet.
Oct 7, 1928
Ras Tafari Makonnen elevated to the position of
Negus (King).
Nov 2, 1930
His Imperial Majesty
Emperor Haile Selassie I
King of kings, Lord of lords, Emperor of Ethiopia;
Conquering Lion from the Tribe of Judah,
Elect of the Creator!
Jul 16, 1931
1st Ethiopian Constitution promulgated to
Ethiopian people and the world by
His Imperial
Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I
; making Ethiopia
a Constitutional Monarchy allowing Ethiopians to
participate in the government of their country,
Ethiopia.
May 5, 1941
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I
reclaims Ethiopia from the Italian occupiers.
Nov 4, 1955
Last Ethiopian Constitution promulgated to
Ethiopian people and the world by
His Imperial
Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I
.
May 25, 1963
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I
hosts African Leaders in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and
spearheads the creation of the Organization of
African Unity (OAU), now known as the African
Union (AU).
Aug 1974
The last time His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile
Selassie I
seen in public.
Sep 1974
The Crown Council of Ethiopia lead by H.I.H.
Prince Ermias Sahle Selassie representing the
Emperor and throne during this interregnum
currently being experienced.
 
References
The Treasures of Ancient Egypt
A Chronology of the Bible (Challenge to the standard version) by Yosef
Ben-Jochannan
UCI ~ I See You
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
Nothing is hidden from God's view!...
Umoja Connection ~ About Us ~ Culture Institute of Higherstanding ~ Contact Us ~ Your Feedback
Copyright ~ Disclaimer ~ Credits ~ Privacy ~ Terms of Service
Copyright © 2011-2016  UMOJA Connection, Inc.
All rights reserved.
c. 225M years ago -
present
(click on picture below)